The Harm From Testosterone And Anabolic Steroids | Addictionlink.fi
Testosterone is the body’s own male sex hormone. Anabolic steroids are synthetic derivatives. The use of these doping drugs is permitted only for the treatment of diseases, for example. osteoporosis. It is estimated that in Finland there are 5-10 thousand people who abuse testosterone and anabolic steroids. They use these drugs periodically, primarily for the acquisition of a muscular figure. Abuse causes hormonal dysfunction and can lead to many serious illnesses and mental disorders.
Testosterone is the body’s own male sex hormone. Anabolic steroids are synthetic derivatives. The use of these doping drugs is permitted only for the treatment of diseases, for example. osteoporosis. It is estimated that in Finland there are 5-10 thousand people who abuse testosterone and anabolic steroids. They use these drugs periodically, primarily for the acquisition of a muscular figure. Abuse causes hormonal dysfunction and can lead to many serious illnesses and mental disorders. Consumption increases risks of, for example, infertility, cardiovascular disease, liver damage, and depression.
Use in medicine
Both testosterone and anabolic steroids, according to the regulation (705/2002) of paragraph 1 of paragraph 16 of chapter 44 of the Criminal Code, are classified as doping drugs. They are prescription and only approved for the treatment of pharmaceutical-approved diseases.
Such diseases are, in particular, underproduction of testosterone in the pituitary gland or testicles, various anemias, osteoporosis, as well as chronic diseases in which protein loss and slow tissue regeneration occur. Testosterone is also used to treat menopause symptoms in men.
Testosterone is used in the form of injections containing various testosterone esters (e.g. testosterone propionate, testosterone enanthate, testosterone phenylpropionate, testosterone isocarbonate, testosterone decanoate, testosterone undecanoate) or in the form of oral testosterone undecanoate capsules. Anabolic steroids are available as injections and pills.
In Finland, there are 5-10 thousand people who abuse testosterone and anabolic steroids. They are usually men aged 20–35 years. The main purpose of use is to create a muscular figure. On the other hand, the use of steroids tends to raise their status, for example, in a team of athletes. Among weightlifters, the motivation is to improve athletic performance.
For the abuse of anabolic steroids, periodic use is characteristic. The cycles of use last from several weeks to several months, between which there are breaks of several months. At the beginning of the cycle, the amount of steroids increases gradually. At the end of the cycle, use is discontinued in steps of 1–2 weeks. For abuse, the typical pattern is the use of increased doses.
Harmful influences: hormonal disorders
When testosterone or anabolic steroids enter the body more than normal, they cause hormonal disorders.
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In men, harmful influences are seen in the form of a weakening of the buy winstrol depot production of hormones by their own body. Structural atrophy occurs in the glands and organs that produce hormones, such as the testes. After the hormonal cycle, infertility and withering of sexual functions follow..
Women who use testosterone and anabolic steroids experience hairiness, lower voice pitch, breast reduction, hair loss, clitoral hypertrophy, skin problems, and menstrual irregularities. After stopping use, some of these influences remain constant..
Young consumers may experience stunted growth, resulting in short stature.
Harmful influences: serious diseases
In case of an overdose, testosterone and anabolic steroids disrupt lipid metabolism in an unfavorable direction for health. Continuous use of these hormones increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, as well as the risk of heart attack and stroke. Steroids weaken the strength of the heart and cause myocardial dystrophy, increasing the likelihood of arrhythmias and sudden death.
In addition, the use of these hormones increases the risk of diabetes mellitus, and their administration with shared syringes increases the likelihood of contracting blood-borne infections, incl. jaundice (hepatitis) and HIV.
Excessive use of testosterone and anabolic steroids also increases the risk of cancer and liver damage. Anabolic steroids taken by mouth in pill form are more harmful to the liver than anabolic steroids taken by injection. Liver diseases range from mild transient cell damage and jaundice to malignant liver tumors with a poor prognosis even if cured.
Harmful influences: mood disorders
Testosterone and anabolic steroids also act on the central nervous system. Their sites of action in the brain are associated with centers that regulate mood, sexuality, and aggressiveness..
Among those on high doses of testosterone and anabolic steroids, 20–30% have mood disorders during the steroid cycle that meet the criteria for psychiatric illness, such as depression, depression, psychotic reactions with hallucinations, hypomania, and impaired cognitive functioning.
In 30% of people who use increased doses of anabolic steroids, during the use of the observed aggressiveness, hostility and irritability. Based on several reported cases, it can be said that hormones weaken impulse control. The medical literature describes cases in which individuals who were previously mentally balanced, after starting to use hormones, became prone to violent behavior and committed manslaughter.
According to a study conducted among the Finnish population, the risk of death among abusers of anabolic steroids and testosterone is 4.6 times higher than in the control group..
Timo Seppälä (Timo Seppälä)
Finnish Anti-Doping Commission
Dana White Claims Jon Jones Is Not Best Light Heavyweight Of All-Time
(Suomen Antidopingtoimikunta ADT ry)
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(PDF) Influence of Adding Single-Joint Exercise to a Multijoint Resistance Training Program in Untrained Young Women
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Thiblin, Mobini-Far & Frisk (2009): Sudden unexpected death in a female fitness athlete, with a possible connection to the use of anabolic androgenic steroids 4-chlorodehydromethyltestosterone (AAS) and ephedrine. Forensic Science International 184: e7 – e11.
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- Eight riders return positive tests from the Vuelta a Colombia – Canadian Cycling Magazine
- Dana White Claims Jon Jones Is Not Best Light Heavyweight Of All-Time
- (PDF) Influence of Adding Single-Joint Exercise to a Multijoint Resistance Training Program in Untrained Young Women